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Bushido, meaning the "Way of the Warrior," is a Japanese code of conduct similar to chivalry; the latter was followed by knights in the Middle Ages. Following the code of bushido was a vital part of being a samurai. Samurai warriors were meant to adhere to the seven moral principles in their martial arts training and in their day-to-day lives.


Virtue 1: Gi - Rectitude

Yu courage

Gi

Gi is the ability to make the right decision with moral confidence and to be fair and equal towards all people no matter what colour, race, gender or age.







Virtue 2: Yu - Courage

Yu courage

Yu


Yu is the ability to handle any situation with valour and confidence





Virtue 3: Jin - Benevolence

Jin

Jin

Jin is a combination of compassion and generosity. This virtue works together with Gi and discourages samurai from using their skills arrogantly or for domination






Virtue 4: Rei - Respect

Rei

Rei

Rei is a matter of courtesy and proper behaviour towards other. This virtue means to have respect for all.





Virtue 5: Makoto - Honesty

Makoto

Makoto

Makoto is about being honest to oneself as much as to others. It means acting in ways that are morally right and always doing things to the best of your ability





Virtue 6: Meiyo - Honour

Meiyo

Meiyo

Meiyo is sought with positive attitude in mind, but will only follow with correct behaviour. Success is an honourable goal to strive for.

Virtue 7: Chungi - Loyalty

Chungi

Chungi

Chungi is the foundation of all virtues; without dedication and loyalty to the task at hand and to one another, one cannot hope to achieve the desired outcome.








source: Young samurai, Way of the Sword, p 361-362